Numerical simulation of porous spur dyke using Flow 3D software

Document Type : Research Article


1 Civil Engineering Group, Engineering Department, Hakim Sabzevari University

2 Islamic Azad University, Mashad

3 Islamic Azad University, Mashhad


In the present research, effects of a porous spur-dyke on the hydraulic characteristics of the flow in an open-channel have been numerically studied through non-linear Forschheimer model. The numerical simulations were performed in Flow3D package using RNG k-epsilon turbulence closure model. During simulations of the porous spur-dyke, suitable Friesheimer non-linear coefficients were determined for various cases with the sensitivity analysis. The sensitivity analysis and comparisons of the numerical results with the results of the physical model showed that most of parameters are completely dependent to Friesheimer non-linear term and the proposed software range for Friesheimer nonlinear coefficient is not suitable. The results showed that by increasing of the porosity of the porous spur dyke, the flow velocity and also the effect area of the maximum velocity will decrease. Also, by increasing of the porosity of the porous spur dyke, the upstream water depth of the spur dyke will decrease and the downstream water depth of the spur dyke will increase. It was also observed that by increasing of the porosity of the porous spur dyke, the maximum value of the velocity decreases and the minimum value of it increases.


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